This biblical story describes the battle between Israelites and Philistines on Mount Gilboa which ends in the defeat and suicide of King Saul (to the left in the picture). There are numerous inter-pretations: punished pride, the foolishness and perversity of the world, human delusion, vanity; the main subject is the landscape, while the story is of secondary importance; humanity is subject to the inevitable course of nature.
Overall: 34,7 cm × 55,6 cm × 0,5 cm
Framed: 47,5 cm × 69 cm × 5,5 cm
Inscribed at the lower left edge of the picture between two pieces of rock: SAVL. XXXI CAPIT.; and: BRVEGEL. M.CCCCC.LXII
Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien, Gemäldegalerie
Coll. P. P. Rubens (estate inventory 1640, no. 212?); documented in the gallery 1783
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