Inschrift: Senatus Consultum de Bacchanalibus

Römisch, Republikanisch, 186 v. Chr.

 

 

Senatus Consultum de Bacchanalibus

The famous bronze tablet contains the oldest surviving Senatorial decree in the Latin language. It prohibits the observance of the Bacchanalia festival, rites related to the cult of Dionysus/Bacchus. The mystery cult of Dionysus was celebrated in secret ceremonies and rituals. Festivals to honour the god sometimes led to ecstatic excesses, and the adherents of the cult were also accused of involvement in a conspiracy that threatened the state. This decree was designed to bring about the final dissolution of the cult of Bacchus. The present tablet is the only surviving copy of the edict, it also contains a command to announce the decree as well as its stipulations and penalties and to publish it in a readily accessible place. The tablet was found in 1640 during construction of a palace for the princes of Cigala in Tiriolo and was given a Baroque tortoise-shell frame that is inlaid with mother-of-pearl and gold. On the precious frame is a Latin dedication to Emperor Charles VI from the year 1727.

Location: Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien, Antikensammlung Raum XII

Object data

Object Name

Inschrift

Culture

Römisch

Period

Republikanisch

Dated

186 v. Chr.

Site

Tiriolo , Kalabrien, Italien

Material

Bronze

Dimensions

H. 27,3 cm, B. (ohne Rahmen) 28,5 cm, T. 0,4 cm

Image rights

Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien, Antikensammlung

Inv. No.

Antikensammlung, III 168

Provenance

Kaiser Karl VI. (Geschenk 1727); Hofbibliothek; 1847 Übernahme

Kunst & Patenschaft

This object is still without a Art Patron. Accept the patronage and make sure that this cultural treasure is preserved for future generations.
Your donation is a direct and sustainable contribution to the scientific documentation, research, restoration, and presentation of the artworks of the Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien.

Become an art patron