The relief depicts a battle between Greeks and Galatians, a Celtic people who from the early 3rd century onwards repeatedly invaded Asia Minor. The battle is turning in the Greeks’ favour; to the right of a standard (signum) an armed Greek horseman is jumping over a – presumably fallen – Galatian. The depiction presumably references the final wars between Pergamum and Galatia fought in 189/188 and 168–166 B.C., which ended with the Galatians’ defeat by Eumenes II, King of Pergamum. Like Miletus, Sardis and Pergamum, Ephesus probably erected a monument honouring their saviour, which may have included this relief.
um 166 v. Chr.
Ephesos , Torbau nördlich der Arkadiane , Umgebung , Selçuk, Kleinasien, Türkei
H. 99 cm
Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien, Antikensammlung
Antikensammlung, I 814
Sultan, Abdul, Hamid, II.; Österreichische Ausgrabungen in Ephesos; Geschenk an Kaiser Franz Joseph; 1911 nachträglich inventarisiert
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