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Relief: Stierkopf-Girlandenfries

Römisch, Mittlere Kaiserzeit, Mitte 2. Jh. n. Chr.

 

 

Stierkopf-Girlandenfries

Archaeologists discovered a number of stone reliefs from a large frieze repurposed as the parapet of a fountain at Ephesus. They featured bulls’ heads surmounted by garlands of oak leaves and fruit bound by taniae blowing in the wind. Scholars believe the frieze once adorned the Parthian Monument, where it functioned as perpetual festive décor of this important monument. The carved numbers (ΛΒ, ΛΓ, ΛΔ = 32, 33, 34) were added in antiquity to facilitate the tablets’ transport, ensuring they were reassembled in the correct order with seamless joints.

Location: Neue Burg, Ephesos Museum Plateau Parthermonument

Object data

Object Name

Relief

Culture

Römisch

Period

Mittlere Kaiserzeit

Dated

Mitte 2. Jh. n. Chr.

Site

Ephesos , im „Südgraben“ nördlich der Arka , Selçuk, Kleinasien, Türkei

Material

Marmor

Dimensions

H. 118 cm, B. 144,5 cm, D. 46 cm

Image rights

Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien, Antikensammlung

Inv. No.

Antikensammlung, I 1026

Provenance

Sultan, Abdul, Hamid, II.; Österreichische Ausgrabungen in Ephesos; Geschenk an Kaiser Franz Joseph; 1919 nachträglich inventarisiert

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