Relief: Stierkopf-Girlandenfries

Römisch, Mittlere Kaiserzeit, Mitte 2. Jh. n. Chr.




Archaeologists discovered a number of stone reliefs from a large frieze repurposed as the parapet of a fountain at Ephesus. They featured bulls’ heads surmounted by garlands of oak leaves and fruit bound by taniae blowing in the wind. Scholars believe the frieze once adorned the Parthian Monument, where it functioned as perpetual festive décor of this important monument. The carved numbers (ΛΒ, ΛΓ, ΛΔ = 32, 33, 34) were added in antiquity to facilitate the tablets’ transport, ensuring they were reassembled in the correct order with seamless joints.

Location: Neue Burg, Ephesos Museum Plateau Parthermonument

Object data

Object Name





Mittlere Kaiserzeit


Mitte 2. Jh. n. Chr.


Ephesos , im „Südgraben“ nördlich der Arka , Selçuk, Kleinasien, Türkei




118 cm × 144,5 cm × 46 cm

Image rights

Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien, Antikensammlung

Inv. No.

Antikensammlung, I 1026


Sultan, Abdul, Hamid, II.; Österreichische Ausgrabungen in Ephesos; Geschenk an Kaiser Franz Joseph; 1919 nachträglich inventarisiert

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