The Procession to Calvary

1564, Artist: Pieter Bruegel d. Ä.



The Procession to Calvary

Bruegel continues the Netherlandish pictorial tradition reaching back to Jan van Eyck whereby the carrying of the cross is portrayed as a many-figured procession leading from Jerusalem to Golgotha. Yet the scenery is greatly extended to match contemporary life. This is indeed Bruegel’s most populous picture full of observation of ordinary life and realism as it was in the artist’s day. Only the three Marys and John stand out from prevalent fashion by their dress. The figure to the far right is presumed to be a self–portrait of the artist.

Location: Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien, Saal X

Object data

Object Name







Pieter Bruegel d. Ä. (um 1525/30 Breugel oder Antwerpen? - 1569 Brüssel) - GND


oak wood


Overall: 124,3 cm × 170,6 cm × 1 cm
Framed: 145,2 cm × 191,3 cm × 10,5 cm


Inscribed at lower right: BRVEGEL. MD.LXIIII

Image rights

Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien, Gemäldegalerie

Inv. No.

Gemäldegalerie, 1025


1566 Nicolaas Jongelinck; probably in 1566 it became property of the city of Antwerp; estate of Archduke Ernst 1595 (?); Rudolf II; 1748 from the treasury into the gallery; 1781 Pressburg (?); 1783 in the gallery documented;

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