Philip "the Handsome" (1478–1506)

about 1618, Artist: Peter Paul Rubens



Philip "the Handsome" (1478–1506)

The sitter was long identified as Emperor Maximilian I, who is generally depicted with a prominent aquiline nose, something Rubens must realised as the ruler’s portrait was widely known. Here, the sitter wears a royal not the imperial crown. The armour presumably dates from around 1500, which, together with the sitter’s similarity with other portraits of Philip the Handsome, suggests he is Philip I of Castile, the son of Maximilian I. The St. Andrew’s cross on the breastplate was incorporated into Philip’s coat of arms following his marriage to Joanna of Castile.

Location: Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien, Saal XIII

Object data

Object Name





about 1618


Peter Paul Rubens (1577 Siegen - 1640 Antwerpen) - GND


oak wood


140,5 x 101,5 cm

Image rights

Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien, Gemäldegalerie

Inv. No.

Gemäldegalerie, 700


Probably from Rubens' estate; city palace Prinz Eugen, Vienna; 1772 documented in the gallery;

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